Posted April 6, 2011on:
A. FORMS OF YES / NO AND INFORMATION QUESTION
WH-question like interrogative pronouns are used to ask a questions and that may be answered by YES or NO.
yes / no question : Do you live in Boston?
Answer : Yes I do or No I don’t.
Wh- question that asks for information by using a question word
information question : Where do you live?
Answer : in Boston.
The important thing to be considered in making Wh-question is: preposition, question word, noun or adjective, auxiliary verb , subject, main verb (with he, she, it) or do (with I, you we, they) in the question. If the verb is simple past, use did. Notice the main verb in the question is in its simple form; there is no final -s or – ed.
|Preposition||Question word||Noun or adjective||Auxiliary verb||subject||Main verb||Complement|
|Chair long time||Will
|Question word||Noun||verb||Complement or Object|
– If the verb is has an auxiliary (a helping verb), the same auxiliary is used in the question. There is no change in the form of the main verb.
– If the verb has more than one auxiliary, only the first auxiliary precedes the subject.
– If the question word is the subject, do not change the verb. Do not use does, do, or did.
– Be in the simple present (am, is, are) and simple past (was, were) precedes the subject when be is the main verb.
B. QUESTIONS CAN BE FORMED BY USING QUESTIONS WORDS
Questions words are the words used to make a question. Following are the question words used in daily life situations.
WHEN – is used to ask questions about time.
Ex. When did you get up?
WHERE – is used to ask questions about place.
Ex. Where do you live?
WHY – is used to ask questions about reason.
Ex. Why are you late?
HOW: 1. How is used to generally ask about manner.
Ex. How did you go the shopping center?
2. How is used with much and many.
Ex. How much money do you want?
How many pictures did you buy?
3. How is also used with adjectives and adverbs.
Ex. How old are you?
4. How long asks about length of time.
Ex. How long has he been here?
5. How often asks about frequency.
Ex. How often do you go to swim?
6. How far asks about distance.
Ex. How far is it to Malioboro from here.
WHO: 1. Who is used to ask the subject of a question.
Ex. Who is that girl?
2. Who is usually followed a singular verb even if the speaker is asking about more than one person.
Ex. Who is coming to dinner tonight?
WHOM – is used as the object of a verb or preposition. In spoken English, whom is rarely used; who is used instead. Whom is used only in formal questions.
Ex. Who(m) did you see?
Who(m) are you talking to?
WHOSE asks question possession.
Ex. Whose book is that?
WHAT is used as the subject of a question. It refers to “things”. It can also be used as an object, to ask about the particular variety or type of something, to ask questions about activities, to ask for a general description of qualities and for physical description.
Ex. What made you sad?
What do you need?
What kind of food do you like?
What did you eat last night?
What is Mary like?
What does Tony look like?
WHICH is used instead of what when a questions concerns choosing from a definite, known quantity or group. In some cases, there is little difference in meaning between which and what when they accompany a noun.
Ex. Which house do you want?
Which countries did they visit?
- We Normally use Modal verb instead of question words ( What, Why, Who, Where, When, etc)
- We use The Question Words when we don’t know The exact answer. e.g. Where did you go? (Compare “did you go to the party”)
Formula : Wh-Question + modal verb / Verb Tobe + Verb + Complement
Modal verb : Do, Does, Did, have, has, had, must,may, might, can, could, et